Why do People Commit Suicide
- They have tried it before. A previous attempt is a strong indicator of suicide. Research shows that about 20% of people with previous attempts would try it again.
- There is a mental health condition. In about 90% of people who die by suicide, there is usually evidence of mental health disorders such as depression, bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia, among others.
- There is a family history of suicide. Studies have shown a positive link between a previous family history of completed suicide to suicide attempts among other family members.
- They abuse substances. Substance abuse such as alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and other psychoactive substances independently increases the chances that a person would attempt suicide. Substances may have been used as a temporary relief from pain. Strong social connections decreases suicide risk, and substance abuse negatively influences family, work and community ties. Moreover, substance abuse impairs judgement.
- They are influenced by the media (e.g. copycat suicide or Werther effect). Copycat suicide deal with when someone attempts suicide based on information gotten from his environment or on media, inclusive social media. When people that are vulnerable to suicide hears about suicide on the media, it can be considered an explicit permission to proceed. This is the reason the media is discouraged from reporting suicide, except it is absolutely necessary.
- They had Traumatic experience(s). Traumatic events are those experiences that put a person or someone close to them at risk of serious harm or death, and can lead to psychological effects. Certain traumatic experiences such as sexual violence, domestic violence, natural disaster, accidents, among others has been linked to suicide.
- They are impulsive. Impulsive behaviours are actions that are executed without foresight or consideration of the consequences. Research has shown that impulsivity increases the chances that a person would act on suicidal feelings.
- They have a personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder increases the chances of dying by suicide.
- They are crying for help. A suicide attempt may be a cry for help.
- They have a rational for committing suicide. This could include, but not limited to, religious reasons or a terminal illness with no hope of recovery.
- They have made a mistake, regret it and don’t want to live.
These are some of the reasons people commit suicide. Do not wait until suicide is completed, you can schedule an appointment for therapy, counselling, or medications to help. You can also send us a message to get started or get quick answers on our frequently asked questions.
Remember, suicide is preventable, and you too can help.
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Until I come your way next time, remember, better day tomorrow.